Sump pumps, importance, operation and types

sump pump

A sump pump is a device that serves and has as its main function to remove the water accumulated in the lower parts of the buildings, either by absorption of the walls of the water that surrounds said building due to the water table accumulated by soil saturation by rains or other spills of liquids or by diversion of the water towards the pit of the sump so that later it can be removed away from the construction, thus keeping the subsoil under it dry.

Sump Pump Importance

The importance of this device lies in the fact that if we reside in areas where the accumulation of water in the grounds surrounding our home or work site is difficult to handle, a sump pump solves the problem of removing and moving water away from us. to keep our environment dry and without flooding.

It seems unusual but it is not, a small sump pump can prevent a flood in our home.

What is a sump pump?

Generally we refer to the liquid evacuation system as “The Sump Pump” but said pump is only part of the system, which includes:
• A primary pump
• An emergency reserve pump that works at
• An alarm device for reserve pump
• A sump pit with its waterproof coating
• PVC pipes of different diameters
• Connections
Check valve
• Power outlet and electric protector

How we see the system seems complicated but in reality, if you have basic knowledge of electricity and plumbing you could install a sump pump from scratch or replace an existing one, you can visit our guide: How to replace a sump pump.

How does it work?

The pump, together with everything we have named above, is installed in the lower part of the building, usually in the basement so that when the water is summarized by the basement floor or walls it accumulates in the sinkhole .

Upon reaching a pre-defined level, the pump is activated by a switch, carrying excess water outwards through a pipe system.

Types of sump pumps

There are two main types of sump pumps, submersibles and pedestal pumps.

The submersible pump sucks the water from inside the sump pit, this type is somewhat more expensive than the pedestal pump that is outside the sump pit and works by sucking the water through a pipe.
There are also manual or automatic sump pumps but if we want to classify them from that point of view but these characteristics in the end are combined with the first two classifications.

Some experts classify the sump pumps by their horsepower, and this classification is important because the power of the pump must be proportional to the frequency of flooding and the groundwater level where your home is built.

how to know if you need one?

If you live in a place that stays dry and sunny during the whole year, you will probably not need it, but if you progressively begin to feel a musty smell, see puddles in your basement, even if they are not maintained During the year, maintaining a humidity for weeks at the base of your property can affect your health, so you need a sump pump.

Some experts additionally recommend placing a dehumidifier when moisture persists, since it happens that the sump pump collects excess water, but if the walls of your basement remain moist without releasing additional water then the mold will grow and you will begin to feel it in your health.